AbstractIbn Farez Egyptian is the greatest poet of Arabic and contemporary Ibn Arabi, he has been nicknamed Sultan alAlashakin. His poetry is the culmination of the mystic language and mystical experiences. His Divan is, despite the small volume of the most famous Arabic dialects, in which there are many outstanding mystical concepts that contain the material and truth that Allah Almighty in the hearts of the believers and others Bonded. One of these stories is a Mohammadi truth in order to better understand and recognize the pleasures and truths that this mystic has achieved and speaks of it in poetry.The importance of the mystical themes of the poetry of Ibne Farz is enough to be explained and interpreted by the great mystics such as Qaisari, Ibn T?rek, Jami and Farghani, as well as Sheikh Hasan alBourini (1024 AH, 1615 AD), based on apparent meanings His Divan has a literary, literary, and scriptural account, and the most famous Sufi description of this is Abdul Ghani AlNabaldi (1143, 1730). And Rashid ibn Ghalib alDahadah combines the two abovementioned descriptions, and his book has been published on many occasions. Therefore, the analysis of this process is necessary. In this article, through reflection on the biographies of "Ibn FarzaseMasri" and his poems, he examined the "truth of Mohammadi".
Keywords: Ibn Farez, Mostaelh Erfani, Haghighat Mohammadi, Spirit
AbstractOne of the important meanings in improving the quality of human environments is the sense of attachment to place. This sense, which is an important factor in formation of the communication bases for users and the environment, will ultimately create the high quality environments. Attachment to place is a deep and effective bond between human and place, which results from a positive interaction between the two. What is the importance of attachment to the place and dimensions of the bond between man and place? What are the factors affecting human attachment to place? This research examined the existing theories about the sense of attachment to place and how it is understood by people with a deductive approach, and investigated the factors affecting this feeling, and finally presented some hypotheses for testing. The present paper intended to apply the study on a sense of attachment to place by presenting an appropriate model for student dormitory with the aim of promoting the bond of human and place; it also aimed to provide a new definition of life in collective housing.
Keywords: Attachment, sense of place, students’ need, dormitory, space organization
AbstractAn adaptive PID decoupling control strategy based on Radial Basis Function (RBF) neural network (NN) is presented in this paper. Quadrotor UAV is a kind of under actuated system with multiple inputs and strong coupling, manual optimization of PID control parameter for the quadrotor aircraft is time consuming, and it is difficult to achieve good control effect. Based on the theory of optimization in groups, the parameters such as proportion, integration and differentiation of PID controller are tuned on-line using the self-learning ability of RBFNN, and the corresponding decoupling control law is achieved by conventional PID control algorithm. Simulation results show that the dynamic decoupling and completely static decoupling are obtained, the closed loop system has the advantages of higher speed response and stronger robustness.
Keywords: Adaptive PID Control, RBF Neural Network, Quadrotor, Quadrotor Model Dynamic
AbstractIn this paper we focus on the impact of knowledge management (KM) on Customer relationship management (CRM), one of the key strategic tool for all companies, especially in the current competitive environment. Moreover, customer knowledge is an important issue for CRM implementation. Reviewing the literature, we found many studies that analyze the crucial role played by KM initiatives as determinants of the success of CRM. Moreover, we found also diverse studies that show high rates of failure when implementing that strategy, so there is still no integrated conceptual framework to guide companies to their successful implementation. In this paper, with data of some Iranian hotels, we examine the relationships between KM and CRM success using a structural equation model. The main contribution is that having knowledge management capabilities is not sufficient for the success of CRM, but there are other factors to consider. In particular, organizational factors indeed impact CRM success and they appear to be intermediaries of the impact of other factors (KM capabilities/technological/customer orientation factors) in the success of CRM (in financial and marketing terms).
AbstractThis study aims to find the factor affecting acceptance of mobile advertising in the University of Tehran. A field research carried out on 350 university students to probe their technology acceptance behavior in the context of mobile phones. The data analyzed based on structural equation modeling by using Lisrel software. The integration of respondents' individual opinions results indicates, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of used have a positive and significant impact on behavioral intention to use mobile phone advertisement. Marketing tools are directly affected by advances in communications technology methods.
Keywords: Customer Attitudes, Mobile Advertising, Behavioral Intention
Abstractspirituality well being is the main key of professional concept. High level of spirituality well being is effective for enabling nurses, regarding to this point that most studies mostly put Emphasis on spirituality well being. Therefore the aim of present study is determining the spirituality well being of nursing students of Shiraz University of medical sciences in 2013. In this descriptive study, 80 nursing students of third and forth year of Faculty of nursing and midwifery of Shiraz University of medical sciences participated in the study which has been chosen by available sampling. The used instrument in this study is a two-parted questionnaire which has contained of demographic information and Ellison& Paloutzian questioner. This Ellison& Paloutzian Questionnaire 6 point Likert which has 2 dimensions of spirituality devout & spirituality essence. Analysis of result was done in SPSS software version 16 and by using of descriptive and inferential statistics. Highest & lowest scores regarding to Likert scale was respectively determined as dimensions of spirituality devout (53.4±3.61) and spirituality essence (52.3±3.27). Score of students By Ellison& Paloutzian tools was determined( 105.7±5.7). most powerful and weakest dimensions of spirituality of students was consequently spirituality devout & spirituality essence. Therefore because of importance of spirituality and its effect on the professional capability and professional maintenance, it seems there is a need for more survey and training.
Keywords: Spirituality well being, nursing students
AbstractIn our society phrase "Islamic education" in expressions such as these, the more familiar and more justified because it seems that most of the Role of Islam human population is trained. Doubtless no religion as Islam education is not important.Value and credit that the Quran is made for the education of Prophet Sira and the Infallible Imams Reflected also the core functions of education and training to achieve the recognition of emotions, and religious behavior lead. So in an educational system that principles, principles of general rules, taken from divine Theology and cognitive Religion,explanation the meaning and Concept of education and components must be based on Islamic religious teachings and spiritual. The purpose of this study is to describe the principles of Islamic education and the position of Islam in the context of globalization poses and use method descriptive-analytical.
Keywords: Islamic Education, Globalization, Islamic Positioning
AbstractOne of the important tools of planning in the context of land use is utilizing land use capitations which have fundamental role in preparing urban plans and the method of distribution and division of urban lands, but the set of studies and analyses that have been done in this context, show that the planning system of Iran's capitations are principally facing fundamental theoretical and practical difficulties, thus the collection of methods and techniques of determining urban capitations are either in loss of the concept of required land use planning and comprehensiveness or the needed defaults for the right usage of them in the urban plans of Iran, don’t exist. The use of urban lands and the way of distributing their location space is one of the most important applications in order to optimize the use of urban space, urban land use planning constitutes the main core of urban planning. Today, as a result of unplanned urbanism, lack of organization in the characteristics of urban land use has emerged. In order to improve urbanism quality, organizing the urban land use holds a lot of importance. In this article, the problems and shortcomings of each use are analyzed in both quantitative and qualitative manners, and in accordance with the geographical, economical and physical conditions of the city and according to sustainable development discussions, the debate of capitations and common standards in urbanism, and by utilizing Geographical Information system (GIS), the uses have been analyzed and assessed. The results of the analyses which have been done, are edited as the presentation of optimum situation for each use and also as overall suggestions and guidelines. Although there is a gap between this and the global standards, in this regard what can be effective in solving the problems are such as: variety of uses, an increase in the quality of uses performance, suitable access to them and distribution of service in the areas dependent on the cities.
Keywords: analysis and assessment, land use, city of Sari
AbstractImage fusion is the process of integrating two or more images into a multispectral image, in which the achieved fused image includes both the high resolution spatial information of the image and the color information of the multispectral image. Wavelet transformation is a mathematical tool for signal processing which a lot of attention has been recently to it. Wavelet based image fusion methods have been reasonably effective in combining perceptually important image features. The other tool which should be utilized for image fusion is the features of the images. This step can help detecting pixel by pixel of the images regions with more accuracy and can be performed by different features. One of the robust features in image processing is invariant moments. invariant moments are a set of feature vectors which are invariant under shifting, rotation and scaling. This approach can be used to extract the global features for pattern recognition due to their discrimination power and robustness. The fusion method based on the above invariant moments and wavelet integration concept is employed in this paper. Final results show that the proposed method has a better efficiency in comparison with recent proposed techniques.
Keywords: Image fusion, wavelet transform, multispectral image, Invariant moments
AbstractAccording to media professionals and psychologist, media has many negative and positive effects on the health and the growth of children. Certainly, media has many benefits and people enjoy using it during their lifetime. However, experts believe that it, like any good invention, has some undesirable effects on children’s health. In this article, the attempt is to investigate the effects of new technologies like Internet, computer games, and tablet, on children and elementary school students. The method used in this study is qualitative and descriptive. The attempt is to discuss the effects of new technologies on children’s behavior by investigating some positive and negative aspects of those factors that are developed on the basis of a phenomena called new technologies.
Keywords: Internet, children, technology, media, computer games
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the components of the holographicorganization and knowledge management.The statistical population included all faculty members Payame Noor University East Azerbaijan Provincewhich 140 were selected as sample using Cochran formula.Methodology of this research was fundamental- practical and correlation with descriptive approach.Validity of instruments was confirmed by experts and their reliability was obtained by Cronbach's alpha for KMequal to . 894 and for components of the holographicorganization equal to .964.For analyze the dimensions of the conceptual frameworkwas used to confirmatory factor analysis and to investigate the relationships between the dimensions of the study, was used structural equation modeling approach (SEM). The results showed a significant relationship between components of the holographicorganization and knowledge management and the model is provided with an acceptable fit.
Keywords: organization, holographic, holistic environment, knowledge management and Payame Noor University
AbstractThe Miroaneurym (MA) detection is one of the significant steps in the procedure of diabetic retinopathy (DR) detection using computer. The Miroaneurym is the primary clinical symptom of the DR and one of the fundamental reasons of vision miss in diabetic patients. Early MA discovery can aid to reduce blindness. The Automatic MA detection is investigating with considering small size, low contrast and also the similarity with blood vessels. In this paper, morphological mathematic and neural network are used to extract MA candidate regions and to classify MA in order to detect Microaneurysm in non-dilated pupils, respectively. For each candidate regions ‘pixel, 18 features are defined to input neural network as classifier. The proposed method is applied on 12 non-dilated pupils. The simulated results have been explained in section 3.
Keywords: Diabetic Retinopathy, Microaneurysm, Neural Network, Mathematical Morphology, Feature Extraction
AbstractMilfoil with the scientific name Achillea Millefolium is perennial ,stable plant from Asteraceae family. this plant grows in different parts of Iran and world. milfoil mainly containing of essential oils, flavonoids, alkaloids and tannins and have various health benefits. due to the extensive use of essential oils of milfoil in indifferent field of medicine, cosmetic and nutrition ,it was also suggested that the chemical compounds available in this plant could be identified in various stages of plant development. Methodology: Achillea millefolium had collected during the prior stage of flowering ,after that and fruiting stage of Dizin region in Tehran province from second half of July to the early August in 2014.the samples essential oil after completely drying the plant was extracted using by Clevenger apparatus after with water distillation method and essential percentage determination of each sample, the Gas chromatography (GC ( and the Gas chromatography connected the mass spectrometry )GC/MS( to identify qualitative and quantitative combination of essential oil constituent was used. Findings: The obtained essential oil has been analyze by GC and GC-MS machines which finally 57 of different combination were identified for each 3 of essential. normal alkans consist of the most combination of plant essential in each 3 stage before the flowering ,flowering and fruiting which the percentage of this combination was mentioned during 3 stages 46/8%,42/1%,32/4% of the total essential components respectively. Results and discussion : The normal alkane nonadekan also has the most percentage of essential constituents in each 3 stage compering to the other component so that its consist of 30/5% before the flowering,27/3% in flowering stage and 18/9%in fruiting stage of the total essential component of this combination .the another abundant combination in essential before flowering is normal alkane Heneicosane .in flowering and fruiting stages also ,the oxygenation monoterpene 8 Cinoel -1 has the most abundant after nonadekan composition. based on similarity of the available percentage matter ,the essential before flowering has more alignment than the essential flowering .
Keywords: Iranian milfoil (Achillea millefolium), essential, the essential chemical composition
AbstractIntroduction:A modern political party organization and organized group or set of individuals called with common goals and ideas and they are trying to achieve. Today, all types of political systems and countries understand the need for the party. In many of these countries has found its footing parties And have their main mission as mediator and intermediate staff to efficiently fulfill state and society. But few countries in the Muslim world can be found that as Iran has a variety of political parties. Of course, many of these parties did not exceed the circle of the founders of the party and practically have not been able to organize and participate in the acceptable performance of the show. The process of development of party system in Iran is in development stage and has not yet stepped into institutionalized. Methods: This study is the status of political parties' activities. This study is a cross-sectional design using a library of documents and letters have been done.Objective: The objective of the parties can be held to have a role in the proper selection, expansion and deepening of democracy, the mediator between the people and the political system. Finally, the primary function of transferring the demands of the people's decision-making centers. About the activities of the political can be said that the parties in their true meaning unable to perform their duties and to set goals to achieve, and long before the actual position and away from the achieve the interests of their leaders and power-oriented many people are away. Results: According to the surveys conducted so this study has tried to explore To analysis, the position of the political parties Solutions activities should be provided to improve this position.
Keywords: party, democracy, public freedoms, political activities
AbstractToday, with the industrialization of societies and transitions in the development and needs of communities in the electricity industry scrambling to countries in the operation of power plants, they enter a new phase of management has made in such a way that the correct classification of costs and to attach it awareness of the cost of production as the management arm associated with planning and controlling actions is considered. For a comprehensive budget prepared by management for planning and controlling activities can help. Necessary to gain control of the materials, labor and overhead costs be done Different types of waste or non-use of unused capacity specified facilities, personnel, etc. And the adequacy of personnel determine And sought to establish a system capable of optimizing the management to reduce costs and increase the efficiency of the system development requirements. Thus, Iran's electricity industry in terms of installed power plant, construction of power plant equipment, operation and maintenance of power plants and development made considerable, but unfortunately the management practices and management information systems transformation is not well and has the status of these systems, particularly systems. have found their true financial position. This study tries to one of the major indicators of the process of Restructuring of the electricity industry assessed And provide new solutions and applications in order to reduce production costs is an important step forward.
Keywords: model, production costs, Gareth approach phase, the plant Shahid Rajaee
AbstractThe present study aimed to investigate the impact of information and communication technology skills of managers on organizational learning, in sport organizations was conducted of Khorasan Razavi province. This study is a descriptive correlational research was conducted through a survey method. The study population included sports administrators of Khorasan province, that number was 66, and given the limited number of society, by counting all methods, all members of society, as the sample, were considered. The research tools included a questionnaire of organizational learning of Marsick and Watkins (1996), and ICT skills questionnaire of Yaghoubi (1395). Validity of the questionnaires of the study was approved by ten experts of sports management and to test the reliability of research tools Cronbach's alpha was used anf for organizational learning questionnaire, 0.89, and 0.92 for ICT skills questionnaire was calculated. To analyze the data, the descriptive statistical tests, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Pearson correlation coefficient were used and one sample T test. The results showed that all variables related to organizational learning and ICT, are lower than the desired level. As well as all components of ICT and organizational learning has a positive and significant relationship and change each one will affect the other. Due to the unsatisfactory level of organizational learning and information technology, in the government sports organizations of Khorasan Razavi province, and significant impact of ICT on improving organizational performance, is necessary to sports organizations, than efforts implement the principles of organizational learning and skills development ICT.
Keywords: Organizational learning, ICT, sports organizations, Khorasan Razavi Province
AbstractProject construction in the country’s economic system and budgeting have a great importance and, the major part of the national income of the country is investing in construction projects and infrastructure every year, usually these projects cost more than fees is intended to do because of the many problems which encountered by. The reasons for spending more than the approved budget, Can be things like: Incorrect assessment of the resources and the cost required to do the job, poor planning and cost control Budgeting project activities, Project cost performance control weaknesses and overall weakness in management and cost control. Enforcement and investor companies in this industry is important to them In the investment projects, by identifying the factors causing cost and control them in present uncertainty economy of the country risk of drowning in present industrial competitiveness reduced to its lowest level. In this article in general evaluated cost management and in particular, factors affecting the cost of the Tehran Province‘s cost management of construction project has evaluated. First by using qualitative research method collect the required information, after this level used Friedman test to the first rankings and choose the of the indicators. and finally selected the top five choices in each category codification paired comparisons questionnaire to use ways of special vector rate and least squares and ranking Indices Is used. In this way, the factors that have a lower impact, alternative modify or remove them . . Method AHP reduce the personalization of the goals. For ranking strategies in Friedman test use SPSS software and for weighting methods (least squares and specific vector methods) and analyze data in AHP section use Expert choice V11.0 software.
Keywords: Factors Affecting the Cost, Construction Projects, Friedman Test, Weighting Methods, Analytic Hierarchy
AbstractA good travel habits of the past and recreation for humans has ever been Each age group from young children to seniors aging, enjoy it constantly recalled their memories of it. Travel literature is a kind of interdisciplinary literature is considered that a combination of literature, history, geography and sociological that in two ways: a loose written order. Travel writer in adult literature is in good standing And has numerous travelogues written adult literature, But the literary genre in children's literature and adolescents has not met its actual position and the need for more attention to child and adolescent literature and writers are experts. Children's logbook definition, however different genre in adult literature, but in terms of structure and content according to its intended audience, travelogues differences with adults. Psychological characteristics of children, lack of experience, low vocabulary knowledge base ranging from cases that must be considered in writing travelogues for children. The history of travel writers for children in Iran, characteristics and elements of the structure and content of the child's itinerary Since the end of the eighties in eighteen forty to work with library research and analytical statistics is discussed.
Keywords: children, travel
AbstractPractically, most of physical systems have complex high order models. This complexity imposes major difficulties in analysis, simulation and control designs. Model reduction is an approach for decreasing the computational complexity of mathematical models in numerical simulations. This paper presents a new model order reduction technique based on optimizing the Pade rational approximator based on the invasive weed optimization algorithm to solve the complex model reduction problems with no analytical solutions and also to achieve a global optimized reduced order models. The system numerator and denominator polynomial coefficients of the reduced order model are achieved by minimizing the norm 2 error of the step response between the original system and the reduced order system using invasive weed optimization algorithm. Two numerical examples are performed to illustrate the system superiority over some other popular algorithms like GA and PSO.
Keywords: Model Order Reduction, Invasive Weed Optimization Algorithm, Integral Square Error, Pade Approximation
AbstractBackground &Aims: Students as one of the basic elements of universities, organize the core body of deferments social organization in the future. Their attitudes and satisfaction of their field is an important factor in their motivation. This study is aimed to evaluate the attitude of students regarding to their educational field in Tehran University of medical sciences.Method: This is a descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study. The research Population was all students of Tehran University of medical sciences that have passed at least one educational term. 331 students were selected by stratify-randomized method from each school. Data was collected by Valid and reliable questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 16. Findings: Findings of this study showed that among the factors that has impact on students` attitude about their educational field, "social position of the educational field" and" rate of its effect on the personality and attitude of the student" allocated a higher score (P>0.05). Conclusion:Many factors and areas impact the attitude of students regarding to their educational field. So, it is necessary to implement effective plans to enforce their attitude and increase their awareness toward better operation of knowledge.
Keywords: attitude, student, educational field