AbstractPurpose: substantiate the use of integral technologies for the psycho-physical training of athletes in sports aerobics. Material & Methods: 46 qualified aerobics participated in the study, 22 athletes made up a control group, 24 were experimental, and 19 aerobists, 9 athletes made up an experimental group, 10 were a control group. Methods: theoretical analysis of literature data; method for evaluating the results of competitive activities; pedagogical experiment; methods of mathematical statistics with the use of computer programs "EXEL" and "SPSS". Results: psychophysical training should be one of the main parts of the variable component of the general training program for aerobic athletes. It is based on the implementation of special sets of exercises in conjunction with mental imagery of the nature of the movements. The positive effect of the use of integral technologies of psychophysical training on the competitive performance of athletes. Conclusion: construction of the training process with the use of integral technologies of psychophysical training had a positive effect on the effectiveness of the competitive activity of athletes.
Keywords: sports, aerobics, equipment, team, psychophysical training, integral
AbstractArticle shows the effectiveness of the author's program of choreographic training at the stage of specialized basic training in sports aerobics. Purpose: revealing changes in the level of choreographic preparedness of young athletes at the stage of specialized basic training. Material & Methods: method of expert evaluation, statistical methods of research. Results: a methodology for assessing the choreographic preparedness of athletes at the stage of specialized basic training was introduced. Objectivity of the methods consisted in counting the indices of choreographic readiness. On the basis of the data obtained, it was established that in the experimental group of gymnasts a significant increase in the choreographic skill took place, which was recorded by the group indicator of the formation of the choreographic readiness, and also by all the criteria for choreographic readiness. Conclusion: experimentally proved the effectiveness of the introduction of the author's program of choreographic training in the training process of gymnastics at the stage of specialized basic training to improve their choreographic skills.
Keywords: choreography, choreography training, technical and aesthetic sports, sports training stages
AbstractPurpose: to reveal the cultural and historical origins of modern sports. Material & Methods: research methods consist of the analysis of the specialized literature that highlights various aspects of the development of the field of people's activities related to the use of physical exercises, as well as the application of a systematic and historiographical approach to the analysis of this problem. To solve the tasks set, an analysis was carried out of the print publications available in the Google Books library, which cover the period from the late 16th century to the present and in which the term "sport". Results: materials obtained using the search engine "Google Books Ngram Viewer" indicate that, since the end of the 16th century in English-language prints, and therefore in social practice, for the generalized name of entertainment activities, people have been used, to some extent, as synonyms, the terms "sport" and "disport" (from the old French "disporter"). And in the process of historical development of society the frequency of using the term "sport", with respect to the frequency of using the term "disport", has constantly grown. Analysis of materials available in the library "Google Books" also indicates that in the process of socio-cultural evolution, the content of the concept of "sport" in English-speaking practice changed. Conclusion: analysis of the literature showed that the problem of the "beginning" of modern sports is one of the top priorities in the development of the general theory. The results of the study indicate that at the beginning of the 19th century the term "sport" was used in English-speaking practice for a more expressive definition of the subjective sense of people's pleasure from completely different activities, that is, to emphasize that such activity was for them a kind of hobby , entertainment, fun.
Keywords: physical culture, sports, physical recreation, theory, concept, exercise
AbstractPurpose: describe the organizational and managerial activities of the fitness club director. Material & Methods: analysis of literary sources; analysis of documents; system analysis; survey (questionnaire) methods of mathematical statistics. The study was conducted on the basis of 12 fitness clubs in Kharkiv. Respondents were 12 directors, managers of fitness clubs. Results: the obtained results of the study made it possible to reveal the levels of management of the fitness club activities, structural divisions and links, their functions, management ties. From the perspective of an integrated approach, the activity of the director of the fitness club on the complexity of the tasks to be solved. Conclusion: optimal organizational structure of management of fitness clubs is defined, includes the following functional blocks: fitness staff service personnel technical staff and administration. It is determined that the financial and economic activities of the fitness club and the continuous improvement of their professional activities are the most difficult tasks in the activity of the director and manager of the fitness club.
Keywords: management, manager, director, activity, task
AbstractPurpose: to establish the level and priority types of motor activity of women of the first adulthood. Material & Methods: in the course of the research the method of analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature was used. Results: it is established that for today there is a negative dynamics of the motor activity of the adult population of Ukraine, including women of the first adult age. A wide distribution in the system of their recovery is acquired by fitness technologies. Conclusion: analysis of studies has shown that the overwhelming majority of the female population of Ukraine has a low level of functional status, which is associated with a lack of time and a lack of desire to attend sports and health classes.
Keywords: women, motor activity, health, lifestyle, recreative aerobics, fitness
AbstractPurpose: scientifically substantiate the developed complex physical rehabilitation program aimed at accelerating the recovery process at different rehabilitation periods for people with essential hypertension of the first and second adulthood who have been engaged in fitness for more than three years. Material & Methods: in the patients of the main and control groups, the functional state was determined using the analysis of the heart rate variability on the Poly-Spectrum apparatus Â© Neurosoft, blood pressure measurement by the method of N. S. Korotkov, bioimpedance study of the body composition, and the quality of life according to the MOS SF-36. The main group consisted of 31 people (24 men and 7 women), the control group was 31 (23 men and 8 women). Results: program of physical rehabilitation has been developed, which includes kinesitherapy (training on simulators, independent exercises, dosed aerobic exercise, morning hygienic gymnastics), thermo-contrast agents and nutrition correction and was introduced in the sports and recreational complex "Monitor" in the main group. Conclusion: use of the developed program of physical rehabilitation helped to normalize blood pressure, improve the functional state and the level of quality of life to a greater extent than in the control group in which the standard program of the institution was applied.
Keywords: arterial hypertension, physical rehabilitation, sauna, strength exercises, orthostatic exercises, flexibility
AbstractPurpose: conduct research on the impact of recreational activities on changes in the body's systems of girls 11 and 12 years of preparatory medical group. Material & Methods: 20 girls aged 11 and 12 who participated in the program developed by us during the year participated in the experiment. Assessment of the physical state of the body was carried out with the help of pedagogical and medico-biological methods. Results: based on the results of the study, the dynamics of morphological and functional indices and the level of physical qualities of girls 11 and 12 years of the preparatory medical group. Conclusion: results of the conducted study confirm the effectiveness of using recreational exercises with the help of various means that positively influenced the state of the systems of the organism of the girls of the preparatory medical group.
Keywords: adolescence, morphology, physical qualities
AbstractToday, fitness services are in demand among the Ukrainian population. The saturation of the market for fitness clubs in large and small cities is different. Purpose: to study the market of physical culture and health services in Lviv. Material & Methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific literature, sources and information of the world Internet, comparison method, documentary method. Results: in the article the analysis of the market of the establishments that provide physical culture and health services in Lviv is presented. Fitness club "FitCurves" provides services only to women, but the fitness club "Olympus" is the only one that offers Crossfit services. "Clubs Malibu", "Kiwi fitness" have schools for the training of group coaches. Social responsibility is one of the most important principles of the network "Sport Life". Conclusion: conditions for ensuring the content and active leisure of the population of Lviv are provided: 78 fitness clubs, 16 swimming pools, 64 sports clubs, 6 tennis courts, 10 stadiums, etc. All establishments offer a wide range of fitness services. Price policy of season tickets for fitness clubs is different.
Keywords: market of fitness and health services, fitness services, fitness club
AbstractPurpose: identification of the main structural components and content of sports volunteer activities. Material & Methods: used analysis of literature and documents, organizational analysis. Result: basic structural components of sports volunteer activity are defined. The content of sports volunteer activity is disclosed. Conclusion: sports volunteer activity includes the following structural components: subject, object, purpose, motivation, means, actions; subject is a sports volunteer, the object is a sports competition, the goal is to provide gratuitous assistance for a quality competition, the means are the special knowledge, skills, communication abilities of sports volunteers, actions should be understood as types of volunteer activities and functions that volunteers perform during the preparation and conduct of competitions. Main types of sports volunteer activity are: 1) organizational; 2) judiciary; 3) coaching; 4) legal; 5) medical. Functions that volunteers perform in the competition system are general and special. Content of the functions of sports volunteering depends on the specifics of the sports, the rank of the competition, the specifics of the competition for people with special needs.
Keywords: volunteer, sports volunteer activity, structural components, content, functions
AbstractPurpose: on the basis of the analysis of the special literature and their own experimental studies, to determine the characteristics of the systems for assessing the technical and tactical skills of qualified volleyball players. Material & Methods: study was conducted on the basis of the material of the national team of Zaporozhye State Medical University on volleyball. Analysis and generalization of the data of scientific and methodical literature are used; registration, analysis and interpretation of indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified volleyball players in training and competitive processes; pedagogical observations; algorithms for calculating the quantitative and qualitative indicators of technical and tactical skill in volleyball; methods of mathematical statistics. Results: data on the existence of a strong statistical relationship between the systems of assessment of technical and tactical skills of qualified volleyball players, taking into account the specificity of the game role. Conclusion: shows the specifics of the application of various systems for assessing the technical and tactical skills of qualified volleyball players, taking into account the factors of the game role, noted the methodological features of special analysis and interpretation of indicators of technical and tactical actions in the adversarial process.
Keywords: volleyball, qualification, role, evaluation, skill, technique
AbstractPurpose: determine the impact of competitive activity on the indicators of physical readiness of female handball players 9â€“10 years. Material & Methods: in the study, 20 female athletes from the primary training group of the Youth Sports School took part in the age of 9â€“10 years. In the course of the study, the following methods and techniques were used: analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical testing, which included 8 physical tests; methods of statistical information processing. Results: found that at the beginning of the training year, most of the young female handball players who participated in the study successfully passed physical tests according to the normative requirements of the Youth Sports School. Training sessions, built according to the curriculum of the Youth Sports School for handball for initial training groups of 1 year of training and supplemented by a large amount of participation in competitions, lead to the improvement of most of the indicators of physical fitness of young female athletes. Conclusion: uneven changes in the results of testing the physical readiness of female handball players 9â€“10 years during the training year. Confirmed the presence of correlation links between individual indicators of physical fitness of young female athletes. The received results testify to a more significant increase in the results in physical tests of young female athletes, who took part in competitions more often.
Keywords: young female handball players, physical preparedness, changes in preparedness, correlation interdependence, initial training groups, physical fitness control
AbstractPurpose: to determine the level of functioning of the cardiovascular system of schoolchildren of the 8th-9th grades. Material & Methods: 59 schoolchildren of 8â€“9 grades took part in the study. Such methods of research as theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, methods of studying the functional state of the cardiovascular system and methods of mathematical statistics were applied. Results: a comparison of the parameters of the cardiovascular system in the sexual, age aspects and with the corresponding scoring scale is presented. Conclusion: in the sexual aspect, it was found that the indicators of the functioning of the cardiovascular system in schoolchildren of the 8th grade are higher in girls, and in schoolchildren of the 9th grade in young men; with age, in men, there are somewhat larger values of indicators, in girls, on the contrary, less; comparison with the scoring scale showed that the results of schoolchildren of 8â€“9 grades correspond to the "average" level.
Keywords: cardiovascular system, schoolchildren, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic pressure, Ruffie's test
AbstractPurpose: based on the analysis of literature sources and the experience of coaches, to determine the advantages of using the "Play and Stay" program in the training of young tennis players. Material & Methods: in the course of the study, the following methods were used: analysis and generalization of literary sources, generalization of the pedagogical experience of the trainers work. Result: processing accessible to us literary sources has allowed defining advantages and lacks of application of the program "Play and Stay" in preparation of tennis players up to 10 years. Conclusion: it is determined that the program "Play and Stay" is necessary for the training of tennis players up to 10 years, but when they go to standard balls there is a distortion of technical elements that requires a certain correction.
Keywords: tennis, tennis players under 10 years, the program "Play and Stay"
AbstractPurpose: to study hemodynamic parameters and the reaction of the cardiovascular system to the dosed physical load of patients combined aortic defect with heart failure of the I degree under the influence of the complex physical therapy program developed by us during the rehabilitation process. Material & Methods: the study involved 26 middle-aged men with a diagnosis: combined aortic valve disease, HF I st. Result: dynamics of functional parameters of the cardiovascular system of patients under the influence of the physical therapy program is analyzed. Conclusion: the combination of morning hygienic gymnastics, therapeutic gymnastics, independent activities and dosed walking with a therapeutic massage contributes to the normalization of vascular tone, motor-vascular reflexes and blood pressure, increasing the tolerance of the cardiovascular system to physical activity.
Keywords: physical therapy combined aortic malformation, functional parameters of the cardiovascular system
AbstractPurpose: to analyze the genesis of the content of school physical education in the context of social order, separating the features of the modern physical education program in the general educational institutions of Ukraine. On the basis of the use of chronological periodization in the article, the features of the content of the systems of school physical education are emphasized in connection with the contextuality of historical epochs. Material & Methods: analysis of special literature, which reveals the features of the content of school physical education in different historical epochs; chronological periodization; analysis of regulatory legal acts. Results: in the process of development of the system of school physical education, the curricula for physical culture also changed; there were contextual features of political, economic and social development of Ukraine during the last century. Conclusion: the dynamics of the content of physical education programs at the secondary school shows the growing differentiation and humanization of the system of physical education in modern Ukraine.
Keywords: physical culture, physical education, school curriculum, content, lesson
AbstractPurpose: to develop model characteristics of the anthropometric indicators of the Juvenile category in acrobatic rock'n'roll. Material & Methods: the following research methods were used: theoretical analysis and generalization of data from special scientific and methodological literature, methods of mathematical statistics. The study involved 20 sports couples (20 male partners and 20 female partners) of an acrobatic rock'n'roll category Juveniles aged 10â€“14 years. Results: obtained anthropometric indicators separately by male partners and female partners of sports pairs of acrobatic rock'n'roll. Based on the results obtained, model characteristics of anthropometric indicators of partners and partners of sports pairs of the Juvenile category of acrobatic rock'n'roll. Conclusion: it is established that the developed characteristics can be used to optimally select a male partner and female partner in pairs and also to improve the optimization of the training process in acrobatic rock'n'roll.
Keywords: anthropometric indicators of acrobatic rock'n'roll athletes, model characteristics
AbstractPurpose: to study the effectiveness of the proposed method of physical rehabilitation on the quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Material & Methods: 162 patients with COPD participated in the study. To determine the effectiveness of the physical rehabilitation, the approved Ukrainian version of the quality of life questionnaire of the World Health Organization. Result: patients of the main group noted a decrease in discomfort, dependence on medications, increased mobility, increased vitality, performance, ability to perform everyday tasks, reducing fatigue, improving sleep, thinking, and improving personal relationships. Conclusion: after applying the proposed program of physical rehabilitation for each patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, we observed an increase in the overall quality of life and health in patients in the main group due to an increase in indicators in problem sub-spheres.
Keywords: patients, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, physical rehabilitation, quality of life
AbstractPurpose: to assess the influence of crossfit and football in the sectional work on physical education on the dynamics of physical fitness of students. Material & Methods: studies of the level of physical preparedness of students were carried out with the help of two tests before and after the introduction of experimental techniques in the survey groups. Two experimental (18 girls, 16 boys) and two control groups (22 girls and boys) from the 2nd year students of the Kherson State University. Results: the analysis of the physical readiness of the students of the University was carried out under the influence of the classes of crossfit and football in the framework of the sectional work on physical education on the dynamics of the indicators of the development of high-speed, strength and speed-strength qualities, the development of agility and flexibility. Conclusion: use of developed methodological approaches to the application of sectional forms of physical education contributed to significant changes in the indicators of physical preparedness.
Keywords: students, physical education, crossfit, football, physical readiness, sectional work
AbstractPurpose: to develop and scientifically substantiate the program "PersTrainer" for improving the training process of powerlifters. Material & Methods: the study involved the powerlifters of 16â€“18 years. The following research methods were used: analysis and generalization of the literary sources and data of the Internet, pedagogical observation and the method of information modeling. Results: the interactive program "PersTrainer" is developed and theoretically justified, which allows individually calculating the training load in different training cycles. Conclusion: it is possible to plan training loads on the basis of individually proposed exercise complexes, which are presented in the interactive program "PersTrainer".
Keywords: powerlifting, training process, information and communication technologies, mobile training
AbstractPurpose: to investigate the influence of the proposed methodology on the indicators of special physical preparedness of female gymnasts in sports aerobics at the stage of preliminary basic training. Material & Methods: in the study took part girls 7â€“9 years in the number of 20 athletes 1st and 2 nd junior category in sports aerobics. The control group consisted of 10 people and the experimental group consisted of 10 people. To conduct our research, we used the following methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, method of peer review, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: as a result of the study, a positive effect of the means of gymnastic exercises without a subject and with the subject on the indices of special physical preparedness of female gymnasts in sports aerobics at the stage of preliminary basic training. Conclusion: five out of six indicators of special physical readiness have been significantly changed at a given reliability 95%.
Keywords: sports aerobics, special physical training